On April 17, 2020, the Federal Healthcare Resilience Task Force released a COVID-19 Resource Package (the “Resource Package”), which gathers guidance documents to assist hospitals that are preparing for and responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Resource Package is available from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response.
The Resource Package includes recent guidance from CMS regarding how Medicare and Medicaid providers can ensure compliance with the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) while screening and treating patients suspected of having COVID-19. It also collects guidance related to increasing existing resources, such as space and equipment, including how to create temporary treatment sites and how to supplement full-featured ventilators with other ventilatory strategies.
Crisis Standards of Care
The Resource Package consolidates federal and non-federal guidance regarding how hospitals can plan for and implement crisis standards of care. These documents articulate guiding principles and goals underlying crisis standards and provide a framework for crisis planning by hospitals. Guidance from the National Academy of Medicine lists topics for an institution to consider when developing a crisis plan, including how triage decisions will be made if necessary, how staffing shortages will be addressed, and how incident command will be organized. Guidance from HHS’s Office for Civil Rights addresses compliance with civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, disability, and age.
The Resource Package contains a substantial number of resources related to managing a staffing surge and ensuring adequate workforce protection. This includes guidance from the American College of Chest Physicians outlining how to identify additional internal and external staffing resources, and guidance from entities including the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health regarding the correct use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
The Resource Package provides useful insight for institutions that are planning for a potential surge of patients requiring medical care. For state-specific guidance regarding developing an emergency triage policy, please visit Rope & Gray’s Alerts page.
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