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American Family Plan—Summary of Certain Key Tax Components

On Wednesday April 28, 2021, President Joseph R. Biden announced the American Families Plan, designed to expand access to education, child care, and health care, among other initiatives. The White House released a fact sheet outlining the plan, and Biden detailed the plan in an address to Congress. The American Families Plan would be funded by increasing tax enforcement on corporations and high-income taxpayers, enforcement of which would be supported by newly enhanced information reporting from financial institutions. The initiatives would also be funded by raising taxes on high-income taxpayers, including (i) increasing the top income tax rate to 39.6% from 37%, (ii) increasing the capital gains rate to 39.6% from 20% for those earning $1 million or more, (iii) eliminating a step-up in basis for gains in excess of $1 million, (iv) eliminating the carried interest loophole, (v) eliminating the special real estate tax break on gains greater than $500,000, (vi) extending the limitation that restricts excess business losses, (vii) and ensuring those making over $400,000 pay the same consistent 3.8% Medicare tax. These proposals are summarized in this Alert.

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DOL Finalizes Content Requirements for Cross-Trading Policies and Procedures

Time to Read: 2 minutes Practices: Tax

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On October 7, 2008, the Department of Labor (DOL) released a final rule on the content requirements for cross-trading policies and procedures under an ERISA prohibited transaction exemption (PTE) added by the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA 2006). The DOL’s final rule, which is substantially the same as the interim final rule released in February 2007, requires that an investment manager executing a cross-trade (the purchase and sale of a security between an employee benefit plan subject to ERISA and another account with the same investment manager) adopt, and effect cross-trades in accordance with, written cross-trading policies and procedures that are fair and equitable to all accounts participating in the cross-trading program. If all of the requirements of the PTE are met, an investment manager may cause an ERISA plan to enter into cross-trades that would otherwise be prohibited. (The DOL’s final rule does not address all of the requirements of the exemption.)

Under the final rule, the policies and procedures must: be disclosed to an authorizing plan fiduciary other than the investment manager; be clear and concise, and be written in a manner calculated to be understood by that plan fiduciary; and contain sufficient information to allow periodic review of the cross-trades by a compliance officer designated by the investment manager. Furthermore, the policies and procedures must specifically include:

  • a description of the criteria applied by the investment manager in determining that the execution of a cross-trade will be beneficial to both parties, and the investment manager’s policies and procedures for allocating cross-trades in an objective and equitable manner among participating accounts; 
  • a description of how the investment manager will determine that cross-trades are effected at the independent “current market price” of the security, including the identity of sources used to establish the price; 
  • a description of the procedures for ensuring compliance with PTE requirement that each participating plan have at least $100 million in assets (which requirement will be satisfied for a transaction if the plan satisfies the requirement upon its initial participation in the cross-trading program and on an annual basis thereafter); 
  • a statement that any investment manager participating in a cross-trading program will have conflicting loyalties and responsibilities and a description of how the investment manager will mitigate such conflicts; 
  • a statement that the cross-trading exemption under the PTE requires satisfaction of several objective requirements in addition to those stated in the final rule; and 
  • the identity of the compliance officer responsible for reviewing the investment manager’s compliance with cross-trading policies and procedures, the compliance officer’s qualifications for the position, and a description of the scope of the compliance officer’s review.

The final rule will take effect on February 4, 2009. An investment manager that has obtained a fiduciary’s authorization before February 4, 2009 and in compliance with the interim final rule is not required to obtain re-authorization following disclosures that reflect the final rule.

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