ESG integration by retirement plans has become front and center for regulators and political leaders across the world and in the U.S. over the last 12 months. As we await further developments from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) on ESG issues for private sector retirement plans, a number of states have taken steps to implement ESG regulatory frameworks for their pension systems. In particular, lines in the sand have been drawn for the fossil fuel, firearms and ammunition sectors. Some states seek to restrict their pension funds from investing in these sectors, while other states seek to penalize managers that exclude investments in or discriminate against these sectors. The landscape is rapidly evolving, with legislation adopted in the last few weeks in Maine and Texas. Bills are in various stages of progress in several other states.