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In a Rare Move, ITC Applies Public Interest Factors to Exempt Research-Related Microfluidic Devices from Exclusion Order

The U.S. International Trade Commission (“ITC”) has become a popular venue for patent infringement actions, as it provides for fast and powerful exclusionary remedies against infringers in the form of exclusion and cease-and-desist orders, through which the ITC can bar importation of infringing products into the United States. Importantly, the ITC does not apply the equitable “eBay factors” before issuing such relief—instead, it must consider the so-called “public interest factors”: the effect of the orders upon (1) the public health and welfare, (2) competitive conditions in the United States economy, (3) the production of like or directly competitive articles in the United States, and (4) United States consumers.

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Unified Patent Court – Status Update


Time to Read: 1 minutes Practices: Intellectual Property

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Status – “No earlier than late 2015”

As reported earlier the new UPC will go live after 13 member states in the EU, including the UK, France and Germany, ratify the agreement.

As of October 1, 2014, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France and Sweden have all fully ratified the Agreement. Many other EU countries are planning to establish a division. Ratification appears to be a mere formality, at this point. Aside from the Spanish Challenge (see below), the primary steps to going live appear to be logistical, including the IT structure and funding allocations and cost determinations. We expect more details on these issues soon.

The latest news from the Preparatory Committee is that the new system will come on line “no sooner than late 2015”  – roughly a year from now.

Selection of judges

Over 1300 candidates have applied to become judges in the UPC. The Preparatory Committee approved its initial list of candidates in July 2014. Of the candidates, 170 were identified as legally qualified and eligible, with 340 additional technically qualified judges. We’re hearing that the eligible candidates are very strong, which should bode well for the new court.

The judge Training Centre was opened in Budapest on March 13, 2014. The EPO will have an active role in training the judges.  

Spanish challenge at the CJEU

On July 1, 2014 the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) heard the second legal action brought by Spain, challenging the legality of the new UPC. The CJEU Advocate General is expected to give his opinion on October 21, 2014, with the Court expected to render its final decision towards the end of the year. The first action was denied in April 2013. Preparations for the court are being made in Europe as if this second challenge will also be denied; but we won’t know with certainty until the decision is handed down. 

Draft Rules of Procedure of the UPC

The 17th draft Rules of Procedure are expected to be published before the end of 2014 with a public hearing to be held in November or December. The same “hot topics” at issue in the prior drafts are still alive -- opt-out, language requirements, bifurcation, injunctions, and appeals. Watch for more information from R&G about these issues!

Click here to learn more about the UPC and its implications for U.S. companies.

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