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DOJ Provides Framework for Cryptocurrency Enforcement

On October 8, 2020, the Department of Justice released “Cryptocurrency: An Enforcement Framework” (the “Framework”), setting out risks and enforcement initiatives related to cryptocurrency-related crime. The Framework is the second report published by the Cyber-Digital Task Force (the “Task Force”), established by former Attorney General Jeff Sessions in February 2018 to analyze the “many ways that the Department is combatting the global cyber threat, and… to identify how federal law enforcement can more effectively accomplish its mission in this vital and evolving area.”

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Legal Advice Privilege – HK Court of Appeal Steers Away from Three Rivers


Time to Read: 1 minutes Practices: Government Enforcement / White Collar Criminal Defense

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On June 29, 2015, the Court of Appeal of the HKSAR handed down an important judgment relating to legal advice privilege. 

The Court of Appeal decided to adopt the “dominant purpose test” when considering whether legal advice privilege should attach to a document that disagrees with the restrictive definition of “client” adopted by the English Court of Appeal in the case of Three Rivers (No.5)

Consequently, whether legal advice privilege applies to an internal confidential document depends on whether it was produced or brought into existence with the dominant purpose that the document or its contents be used to obtain legal advice. The judgment is likely to be broadly welcomed in the in-house legal community. 

The case is Citic Pacific Limited v. Secretary for Justice CACV 7/2012, and the judgment is available on the Hong Kong Judiciary website here.


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